Case Studies

Ephrata Borough Authority WRRF Ephrata Borough Authority WRRF, located in the MidAtlantic region of the United States, has been battling chronic sludge settling issues since undergoing a BNR upgrade in 2011 to meet new permit limits. During the winter months, SVI values have reached as high as 300 mL/g. During the upgrade, the facility was converted from BOD and Ammonia removal to total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) removal.

Aluminum Casting Facility The aluminum casting facility of a producer of semifabricated aluminum products utilizes a closed-loop contact water system that supplies water to multiple DC casting pits. An existing induced air flotation (IAF) system was used for the reduction of TSS, NTU, oil and grease, followed by a cooling tower. The treated and cooled water was then reused in the caster as contact water. The IAF had a removal efficiency of approximately 40 percent, required regular maintenance attention, operated at 125 HP and used an excessive amount of chemistry, resulting in extraordinarily high operating costs.

Hopewell Water Renewal Hopewell Water Renewal (HWR) is a 50 MGD secondary wastewater treatment plant that treats the wastewater from local industries and domestic sources of the Hopewell, VA area. The plant began operating in 1977 and treats approximately 85% industrial waste. The facility achieves the treatment permit requirements for both BOD and TSS; however, treatment regulations have changed over the years and now require the removal of nutrients. HWR discharges effluent into Gravelly Run, a tributary of the James River and Chesapeake Bay Watershed.

Alchemist Brewery Alchemist Brewery is a microbrewery specializing in brewing, packaging and distributing its award-winning IPA beer, Heady Topper. An unprecedented following of the signature ale drove the need for a larger brewery and retail sales center. The brewery operates with a profound respect for environmental responsibility, so with a new facility in the horizon, there was opportunity to explore wastewater treatment system options that would allow them to minimize their impact on the town’s wastewater infrastructure.

Town of Ladysmith Ladysmith, BC is home to nearly 8,000 people on the western coast of Canada and has a history of coal mining, forestry, rail and marine industry. An existing wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) provided treatment to the town’s wastewater before discharging to the Ladysmith Harbor. The plant removed primarily particulate matter and suspended solids from the wastewater to be driven to a composting site. The existing system met some needs, but would not be able to achieve the future BOD and TSS effluent limits proposed to the town.